The “Mesolithic” is an archaeological period which literally means “Middle Stone Age”. It comes after the end of the last Ice Age about 12,000 years ago and lasts until farming began (which is about 6,000 years ago in Britain). It falls between the Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age) and Neolithic (New Stone Age).
Mesolithic people were hunter-gatherers who moved around their landscape, using tiny flint tools known as microliths.
Traditionally there has been less study into the Mesolithic period than other parts of prehistory. But this is now changing and there is lots of fascinating research being done into the lives (and deaths) of Mesolithic people.